THE RED HEADED LEAGUE
I had called upon my friend, Mr. Sherlock Holmes, one day in the autumn of last year and found him in deep conversation with a very stout, stout, florid florid faced, elderly gentleman with fiery fiery red hair. With an apology for my intrusion, I was about to withdraw when Holmes pulled me abruptly abruptly into the room and closed the door behind behind me.
"You could not possibly have come at a better time, my dear Watson," he said cordially. cordially. "I was afraid afraid that you were engaged." engaged." "So I am. Very much so." "Then I can wait in the next room."
"Not at all. This gentleman, Mr. Wilson, has been my partner and helper in many of my most successful cases, and I have no doubt that he will be of the utmost use to me in yours also." The stout stout gentleman half rose from his chair and gave a bob of greeting, with a quick little questioning glance glance from his small fat encircled eyes.
"Try the settee," said Holmes, relapsing relapsing into his armchair and putting his fingertips together, as was his custom custom when in judicial moods. "I know, my dear Watson, that you share my love of all that is bizarre bizarre and outside the conventions conventions and hum drum routine of everyday life. You have shown your relish relish for it by the enthusiasm which has prompted prompted you to chronicle, chronicle, and, if you will excuse my saying so, somewhat somewhat to embellish embellish so many of my own little adventures." "Your cases have indeed indeed been of the greatest interest to me," I observed.
"You will remember that I remarked the other day, just be fore we went into went into the very simple problem presented by Miss Mary Sutherland, that for strange strange effects effects and extraordinary combinations we must go to life itself, which is always far more daring than any effort effort of the imagination." "A proposition proposition which I took the liberty liberty of doubting."
"You did, Doctor, but none the less you must come round to my view, for otherwise I shall keep on piling fact upon fact on you until your reason breaks down breaks down under them and acknowledges acknowledges me to be right. Now, Mr. Jabez Wilson here has been good enough to call upon me this morning, and to begin a narrative narrative which promises to be one of the most singular singular which I have listened to for some time. You have heard me remark that the strangest strangest and most unique unique things are very often often connected not with the larger but with the smaller crimes, and occasion ally, indeed, indeed, where there is room for doubt whether any positive crime has been committed. As far as I have heard it is impossible for me to say whether the present case is an instance instance of crime or not, but the course of events is certainly certainly among the most singular singular that I have ever listened to. Perhaps, Perhaps, Mr. Wilson, you would have the great kindness to recommence your narrative. narrative. I ask you not merely merely because my friend Dr. Watson has not heard the opening part but also because the peculiar peculiar nature of the story makes me anxious to have every possible detail from your lips. As a rule, when I have heard some slight indication of the course of events, I am able able to guide myself by the thou thou sands of other similar similar cases which occur to occur to my memory. In the present instance instance I am forced to admit that the facts are, to the best of my belief, unique." unique."
The portly client puffed out his chest with an appearance appearance of some little pride and pulled a dirty and wrinkled newspaper from the inside pocket of his greatcoat. As he glanced glanced down the advertisement column, with his head thrust thrust forward and the paper flattened out upon his knee, I took a good look at the man and endeavoured, endeavoured, after the fashion of my companion, companion, to read the indications which might be presented by his dress or appearance. appearance.
I did not gain very much, however, by my inspection. Our visitor bore bore every mark of being an average commonplace commonplace British tradesman, obese, obese, pompous, pompous, and slow. He wore rather rather baggy grey shepherd's check trousers, a not over clean black frock coat, unbuttoned in the front, and a drab waistcoat with a heavy brassy Albert chain, and a square pierced pierced bit of metal dangling down as an ornament. A frayed frayed top hat and a faded faded brown overcoat with a wrinkled velvet collar lay upon a chair beside him. Altogether, Altogether, look as I would, there was nothing remarkable remarkable about the man save his blazing red head, and the expression of extreme extreme chagrin chagrin and discontent upon his features.
Sherlock Holmes' quick eye took in took in my occupation, occupation, and he shook his head with a smile as he noticed my questioning glances. glances. "Beyond "Beyond the obvious obvious facts that he has at some time done manual manual labour, that he takes snuff, that he is a Freemason, that he has been in China, and that he has done a considerable amount amount of writing lately, I can deduce deduce nothing else." Mr. Jabez Wilson started up started up in his chair, with his forefinger upon the paper, but his eyes upon my companion. companion.
"How, in the name of good fortune, did you know all that, Mr. Holmes?" he asked. "How did you know, for example, that I did manual manual labour. It's as true as gospel, for I began as a ship's carpenter." "Your hands, my dear sir. Your right hand is quite quite a size larger than your left. You have worked with it, and the muscles are more developed."
"Well, the snuff, then, and the Freemasonry?" "I won't insult your intelligence by telling you how I read that, especially especially as, rather rather against the strict rules of your order, you use an arc and compass breastpin." "Ah, of course, I forgot that. But the writing?" "What else can be indicated indicated by that right cuff so very shiny for five inches, and the left one with the smooth patch near the elbow where you rest it upon the desk?" "Well, but China?" "The fish that you have tattooed immediately above your right wrist could only have been done in done in China. I have made a small study of tattoo marks and have even contributed to the literature of the subject. subject. That trick of staining staining the fishes' scales of a delicate delicate pink is quite quite peculiar peculiar to China. When, in addition, addition, I see a Chinese coin hanging from your watch chain, the matter becomes even more simple." Mr. Jabez Wilson laughed heavily. "Well, I never!" said he. "I thought at first that you had done something clever, but I see that there was nothing in it, after all."
"I begin to think, Watson," said Holmes, "that I make a mistake in explaining. 'Omne ignotum pro magnifico,' you know, and my poor little reputation, such as it is, will suffer ship wreck wreck if I am so candid. candid. Can you not find the advertisement, Mr. Wilson?" "Yes, I have got it now," he answered with his thick red finger planted halfway down the column. "Here it is. This is what began it all. You just read it for yourself, sir." I took the paper from him and read as follows:
"TO THE RED HEADED LEAGUE: On account of the bequest bequest of the late Ezekiah Hopkins, of Lebanon, Pennsylvania, U. S. A., there is now another another vacancy open which entitles entitles a member of the League to a salary of 4 pounds pounds a week for purely nomin al services. All red headed men who are sound in body and mind and above the age of twenty one years, are eligible. eligible. Apply in person on Monday, at eleven o'clock, to Duncan Ross, at the offices of the League, 7 Pope's Court, Fleet Fleet Street." "What on earth does this mean?" mean?" I ejaculated ejaculated after I had twice read over the extraordinary announcement.
Holmes chuckled and wriggled in his chair, as was his habit when in high spirits. "It is a little off the beaten track, isn't it?" said he. "And now, Mr. Wilson, off you go at scratch scratch and tell us all about yourself, your household, household, and the effect effect which this advertisement had upon your fortunes. You will first make a note, Doctor, of the paper and the date."
"It is The Morning Chronicle Chronicle of April 27, 1890. Just two months ago." "Very good. Now, Mr. Wilson?" "Well, it is just as I have been telling you, Mr. Sherlock Holmes," said Jabez Wilson, mopping his forehead; "I have a small pawnbroker's business at Coburg Square, near the City. It's not a very large affair, and of late years it has not done more than just give me a living. I used to be able able to keep two assistants, but now I only keep one; and I would have a job to pay him but that he is willing to come for half wages wages so as to learn the business."
"What is the name of this obliging obliging youth?" asked Sherlock Holmes. "His name is Vincent Spaulding, and he's not such a youth, either. It's hard to say his age. I should not wish a smarter assistant, Mr. Holmes; and I know very well very well that he could better himself and earn earn twice what I am able able to give him. But, after all, if he is satisfied, why should I put ideas in his head?" "Why, indeed? indeed? You seem seem most fortunate in having an employé who comes under comes under the full market price. It is not a common experience among employers in this age. I don't know that your assistant is not as remarkable remarkable as your advertisement."
"Oh, he has his faults, too," said Mr. Wilson. "Never was such a fellow for photography. Snapping away with a camera when he ought to be improving his mind, and then diving down into the cellar like a rabbit into its hole to develop his pictures. That is his main fault, but on the whole whole he's a good worker. There's no vice vice in him."
"He is still with you, I presume?" presume?" "Yes, sir. He and a girl of fourteen, who does a bit of simple cooking and keeps the place clean—that's all I have in the house, for I am a widower and never had any family. We live very quietly, sir, the three of us; and we keep a roof over our heads and pay our debts, if we do nothing more. "The first thing that put us out was that advertisement. Spaulding, he came down came down into the office just this day eight weeks, with this very paper in his hand, and he says: "'I wish to the Lord, Mr. Wilson, that I was a red headed man.'
"'Why that?' I asks. "'Why,' says he, 'here's another another vacancy on the League of the Red headed Men. It's worth quite quite a little fortune to any man who gets it, and I understand that there are more vacancies than there are men, so that the trustees are at their wits' end what to do with the money. If my hair would only change col our, here's a nice little crib all ready for me to step into.' "'
Why, what is it, then?' I asked. You see, Mr. Holmes, I am a very stay at home man, and as my business came to me instead of my having to go to it, I was often often weeks on end without put ting my foot over the door mat. In that way I didn't know much of know much of what was going on outside, and I was always glad glad of a bit of news. "
'Have you never heard of heard of the League of the Red headed Men?' he asked with his eyes open. "'Never.' "'Why, I wonder at that, for you are eligible eligible yourself for one of the vacancies.' "'And what are they worth?' I asked. "'Oh, merely merely a couple couple of hundred a year, but the work is slight, and it need not interfere very much with one's other occupations.' "Well, you can easily think that that made me prick up my ears, for the business has not been over good for some years, and an extra couple couple of hundred would have been very handy. "'Tell me all about it,' said I. "
'Well,' said he, showing me the advertisement, 'you can see for yourself that the League has a vacancy, and there is the ad dress where you should apply for particulars. As far as I can make out, the League was founded by an American millionaire, Ezekiah Hopkins, who was very peculiar peculiar in his ways. He was himself red headed, and he had a great sympathy sympathy for all red headed men; so when he died it was found that he had left his enormous enormous fortune in the hands of trustees, with instructions to apply the interest to the providing providing of easy berths to men whose hair is of that colour. From all I hear it is splendid splendid pay and very little to do.' "'But,' said I, 'there would be millions of red headed men who would apply.'
"'Not so many as you might think,' he answered. 'You see it is really confined confined to Londoners, and to grown men. This American had started from London when he was young, and he wanted to do the old town a good turn. Then, again, I have heard it is no use your applying if your hair is light red, or dark red, or anything but real bright, blazing, fiery fiery red. Now, if you cared to apply, Mr. Wilson, you would just walk in; but perhaps perhaps it would hardly hardly be worth your while worth your while to put yourself out of the way for the sake sake of a few hundred pounds.'
"Now, it is a fact, gentlemen, as you may see for yourselves, that my hair is of a very full and rich tint, so that it seemed seemed to me that if there was to be any competition in the matter I stood as good a chance as any man that I had ever met. Vincent Spaulding seemed seemed to know so much about it that I thought he might prove useful, so I just ordered him to put up the shutters for the day and to come right away with me. He was very willing to have a holiday, so we shut the business up and started off started off for the address address that was given us in given us in the advertisement.
"I never hope to see such a sight as that again, Mr. Holmes. From north, south, east, and west every man who had a shade of red in his hair had tramped into the city to answer the advertisement. Fleet Fleet Street was choked with red headed folk, and Pope's Court looked like a coster's orange barrow. I should not have thought there were so many in the whole whole country as were brought together by that single advertisement. Every shade of colour they were—straw, lemon, orange, brick, Irish setter, liver, clay; but, as Spaulding said, there were not many who had the real vivid flamecoloured tint. When I saw how many were waiting, I would have given it up in despair; despair; but Spaulding would not hear of hear of it. How he did it I could not imagine, but he pushed and pulled and butted until he got me through the crowd, and right up to the steps which led to led to the office. There was a double stream upon the stair, some going up going up in hope, and some coming back coming back dejected; but we wedged in as well as we could and soon found ourselves in the office."
"Your experience has been a most entertaining one," re marked Holmes as his client paused paused and refreshed refreshed his memory with a huge pinch pinch of snuff. "Pray continue your very interesting statement."
"There was nothing in the office but a couple couple of wooden chairs and a deal table, behind behind which sat a small man with a head that was even redder than mine. He said a few words to each candidate as he came up, and then he always managed to find some fault in them which would disqualify disqualify them. Getting a vacancy did not seem seem to be such a very easy matter, after all. However, when our turn came the little man was much more favourable to me than to any of the others, and he closed the door as we entered, so that he might have a private word with us. "
'This is Mr. Jabez Wilson,' said my assistant, 'and he is willing to fill a vacancy in the League.' "'And he is admirably admirably suited for it,' the other answered. 'He has every requirement. I cannot recall recall when I have seen any thing so fine.' He took a step backward, cocked his head on one side, and gazed gazed at my hair until I felt quite quite bashful. bashful. Then suddenly he plunged plunged forward, wrung my hand, and congratulated me warmly warmly on my success.
"'It would be injustice to hesitate,' said he. 'You will, however, I am sure, excuse me for taking an obvious obvious precaution.' With that he seized seized my hair in both his hands, and tugged until I yelled with the pain. 'There is water in your eyes,' said he as he released me. 'I perceive perceive that all is as it should be. But we have to be careful, for we have twice been deceived deceived by wigs and once by paint. I could tell you tales of cobbler's wax wax which would disgust disgust you with human nature.' He stepped over to the window and shouted through it at the top of his voice that the vacancy was filled. A groan groan of disappointment came up from below, and the folk all trooped away in different directions until there was not a red head to be seen except except my own and that of the manager. "
'My name,' said he, 'is Mr. Duncan Ross, and I am myself one of the pensioners upon the fund left by our noble benefactor. benefactor. Are you a married man, Mr. Wilson? Have you a family?' "I answered that I had not. "His face fell immediately.
"'Dear me!' he said gravely, gravely, 'that is very serious indeed! indeed! I am sorry to hear you say that. The fund was, of course, for the propagation propagation and spread of the red heads as well as for their maintenance. It is exceedingly unfortunate that you should be a bachelor.'
"My face lengthened at this, Mr. Holmes, for I thought that I was not to have the vacancy after all; but after thinking it over thinking it over for a few minutes he said that it would be all right. "
'In the case of another,' said he, 'the objection might be fatal, fatal, but we must stretch stretch a point in favour favour of a man with such a head of hair as yours. When shall you be able able to enter upon your new duties?' "'Well, it is a little awkward, awkward, for I have a business already,' said I. "'Oh, never mind never mind about that, Mr. Wilson!' said Vincent Spaulding. 'I should be able able to look after look after that for you.' "'What would be the hours?' I asked. "'Ten to two.'
"Now a pawnbroker's business is mostly done of an evening, Mr. Holmes, especially especially Thursday and Friday evening, which is just before pay day; so it would suit me very well very well to earn earn a little in the mornings. Besides, Besides, I knew that my assistant was a good man, and that he would see to see to anything that turned up turned up "
'That would suit me very well very well said I. 'And the pay? "'Is 4 pounds pounds a week.' "'And the work?' "'Is purely nominal.' "'What do you call purely nominal?' "'Well, you have to be in the office, or at least in the building, the whole whole time. If you leave, you forfeit forfeit your whole whole position forever. forever. The will is very clear upon that point. You don't comply comply with the conditions if you budge from the office during that time.'
"'It's only four hours a day, and I should not think of think of leaving,' said I. "'No excuse will avail,' said Mr. Duncan Ross; 'neither sick ness nor business nor anything else. There you must stay, or you lose your billet.' "'And the work?' "'Is to copy out the "Encyclopaedia Britannica." There is the first volume of it in that press. You must find your own ink, pens, and blotting blotting paper, but we provide provide this table and chair. Will you be ready to morrow?' "'Certainly,' I answered. "
'Then, good bye, Mr. Jabez Wilson, and let let me congratulate you once more on the important position which you have been fortunate enough to gain.' He bowed me out bowed me out of the room and I went home with went home with my assistant, hardly hardly knowing what to say or do, I was so pleased pleased at my own good fortune.
"Well, I thought over thought over the matter all day, and by evening I was in low spirits again; for I had quite quite persuaded persuaded myself that the whole whole affair must be some great hoax hoax or fraud, though what its object might be I could not imagine. It seemed seemed altogether altogether past belief that anyone could make such a will, or that they would pay such a sum for doing anything so simple as copying out the 'Encyclopaedia Britannica.' Vincent Spaulding did what he could to cheer me up cheer me up but by bedtime I had reasoned myself out of the whole whole thing. However, in the morning I determined determined to have a look at it anyhow, so I bought a penny bottle of ink, and with a quill pen, and seven sheets of foolscap paper, I star ted off for Pope's Court.
"Well, to my surprise and delight, everything was as right as possible. The table was set out ready for me, and Mr. Duncan Ross was there to see that I got fairly to work. He started me off started me off upon the letter A, and then he left me; but he would drop in drop in from time to time from time to time to see that all was right with me. At two o'clock he bade me good day, complimented complimented me upon the amount amount that I had written, and locked the door of the office after me.
"This went on day after day, Mr. Holmes, and on Saturday the manager came in and planked down four golden sovereigns sovereigns for my week's work. It was the same next week, and the same the week after. Every morning I was there at ten, and every afternoon I left at two. By degrees Mr. Duncan Ross took to coming in only once of a morning, and then, after a time, he did not come in at all. Still, of course, I never dared to leave the room for an instant, for I was not sure when he might come, and the billet was such a good one, and suited me so well, that I would not risk the loss of it.
"Eight weeks passed away passed away like this, and I had written about Abbots and Archery and Armour and Architecture and Attica, and hoped with diligence that I might get on to the B's before very long. It cost me something in foolscap, and I had pretty nearly filled a shelf with my writings. And then suddenly the whole whole business came to an end."
"To an end?" "Yes, sir. And no later later than this morning. I went to my work as usual usual at ten o'clock, but the door was shut and locked, with a little square of cardboard hammered on to the middle of the panel with a tack. Here it is, and you can read for yourself."
He held up a piece of white cardboard about the size of a sheet of note paper. It read in this fashion: THE RED HEADED LEAGUE IS DISSOLVED. DISSOLVED. October 9, 1890. Sherlock Holmes and I surveyed this curt announcement and the rueful face behind behind it, until the comical side of the affair so completely overtopped every other consideration consideration that we both burst out into a roar roar of laughter. "I cannot see that there is anything very funny," cried our client, flushing up to the roots of his flaming head. "If you can do nothing better than laugh at me, I can go elsewhere."
"No, no," cried Holmes, shoving him back into the chair from which he had half risen. "I really wouldn't miss your case for the world. It is most refreshingly unusual. But there is, if you will excuse my saying so, something just a little funny about it. Pray what steps did you take when you found the card upon the door?" "I was staggered, staggered, sir. I did not know what to do. Then I called at the offices round, but none of them seemed seemed to know anything about it. Finally, I went to the landlord, who is an accountant living on living on the ground floor, and I asked him if he could tell me what had become of become of the Red headed League. He said that he had never heard of heard of any such body. Then I asked him who Mr. Duncan Ross was. He answered that the name was new to him. "
'Well,' said I, 'the gentleman at No. 4.' "'What, the red headed man?' "'Yes.' "'Oh,' said he, 'his name was William Morris. He was a solicit solicit or and was using my room as a temporary convenience until his new premises premises were ready. He moved out moved out yesterday.' "'Where could I find him?' "'Oh, at his new offices. He did tell me the address. address. Yes, 17 King Edward Street, near St. Paul's.' "I started off started off Mr. Holmes, but when I got to that address address it was a manufactory of artificial artificial knee caps, and no one in it had ever heard of heard of either Mr. William Morris or Mr. Duncan Ross." "And what did you do then?" asked Holmes.
"I went home to Saxe Coburg Square, and I took the advice of my assistant. But he could not help me in any way. He could only say that if I waited I should hear by post. But that was not quite quite good enough, Mr. Holmes. I did not wish to lose such a place without a struggle, so, as I had heard that you were good enough to give advice to poor folk who were in need of it, I came right away to you."
"And you did very wisely," said Holmes. "Your case is an exceedingly remarkable remarkable one, and I shall be happy to look into look into it. From what you have told me I think that it is possible that graver graver issues hang from it than might at first sight appear." appear." "Grave "Grave enough!" said Mr. Jabez Wilson. "Why, I have lost four pound pound a week."
"As far as you are personally concerned," concerned," remarked Holmes, "I do not see that you have any grievance grievance against this extraordinary league. On the contrary, contrary, you are, as I understand, richer by some 30 pounds, pounds, to say nothing of the minute know ledge which you have gained on every subject subject which comes un der the letter A. You have lost nothing by them."
"No, sir. But I want to find out find out about them, and who they are, and what their object was in playing this prank—if it was a prank—upon me. It was a pretty expensive expensive joke for them, for it cost them two and thirty pounds." pounds."
"We shall endeavour endeavour to clear up clear up these points for you. And, first, one or two questions, Mr. Wilson. This assistant of yours who first called your attention to the advertisement—how long had he been with you?" "About a month then." "How did he come?" "In answer to an advertisement." "Was he the only applicant?" "No, I had a dozen." "Why did you pick him?" "Because he was handy and would come cheap." "At half wages, wages, in fact." "Yes."
"What is he like, this Vincent Spaulding?" "Small, stout stout built, very quick in his ways, no hair on his face, though he's not short of thirty. Has a white splash of acid upon his forehead."
Holmes sat up in his chair in considerable excitement. "I thought as much," said he. "Have you ever observed that his ears are pierced pierced for earrings?" "Yes, sir. He told me that a gipsy had done it for him when he was a lad." "Hum!" said Holmes, sinking back in deep thought. "He is still with you?" "Oh, yes, sir; I have only just left him." "And has your business been attended to attended to in your absence?" "Nothing to complain of, sir. There's never very much to do of a morning."
"That will do, Mr. Wilson. I shall be happy to give you an opinion opinion upon the subject subject in the course of a day or two. To day is Saturday, and I hope that by Monday we may come to a conclusion." "Well, Watson," said Holmes when our visitor had left us, "what do you make of it all?" "I make nothing of it," I answered frankly. "It is a most mysterious mysterious business."
"As a rule," said Holmes, "the more bizarre bizarre a thing is the less mysterious mysterious it proves to be. It is your commonplace, commonplace, featureless crimes which are really puzzling, just as a commonplace commonplace face is the most difficult to identify. But I must be prompt prompt over this matter." "What are you going to do, then?" I asked.
"To smoke," he answered. "It is quite quite a three pipe problem, and I beg that you won't speak to me for fifty minutes." He curled himself up in his chair, with his thin knees drawn up drawn up to his hawk like nose, and there he sat with his eyes closed and his black clay pipe thrusting thrusting out like the bill of some strange strange bird. I had come to the conclusion that he had dropped asleep, asleep, and indeed indeed was nodding nodding myself, when he suddenly sprang out of his chair with the gesture of a man who has made up his mind made up his mind and put his pipe down upon the mantelpiece.
"Sarasate plays at the St. James's Hall this afternoon," he re marked. "What do you think, Watson? Could your patients spare spare you for a few hours?" "I have nothing to do to day. My practice is never very absorbing." absorbing."
"Then put on your hat and come. I am going through the City first, and we can have some lunch on the way. I observe that there is a good deal of German music on the programme, which is rather rather more to my taste than Italian or French. It is introspective, introspective, and I want to introspect. Come along!" We travelled by the Underground as far as Aldersgate; and a short walk took us to Saxe Coburg Square, the scene of the singular singular story which we had listened to in listened to in the morning. It was a poky, little, shabby genteel genteel place, where four lines of dingy two storied brick houses looked out looked out into a small railed in en closure, closure, where a lawn of weedy grass and a few clumps of faded faded laurel bushes made a hard fight against a smoke laden laden and uncongenial atmosphere. Three gilt gilt balls and a brown board with "JABEZ WILSON" in white letters, upon a corner house, announced the place where our red headed client carried on carried on his business. Sherlock Holmes stopped in front of it with his head on one side and looked it all over, with his eyes shining brightly between puckered puckered lids. Then he walked slowly up the street, and then down again to the corner, still looking keenly keenly at the houses. Finally he returned to returned to the pawnbroker's, and, having thumped vigorously vigorously upon the pavement with his stick two or three times, he went up went up to the door and knocked. knocked.
It was instantly opened by a bright looking, clean shaven young fellow, who asked him to step in. "Thank you," said Holmes, "I only wished to ask you how you would go from here to the Strand." "Third right, fourth left," answered the assistant promptly, promptly, closing the door.
"Smart fellow, that," observed Holmes as we walked away. "He is, in my judgment, the fourth smartest man in London, and for daring I am not sure that he has not a claim claim to be third. I have known something of known something of him before." "Evidently," "Evidently," said I, "Mr. Wilson's assistant counts for a good deal in this mystery mystery of the Red headed League. I am sure that you inquired inquired your way merely merely in order that you might see him."
"Not him." "What then?" "The knees of his trousers." "And what did you see?" "What I expected to see." "Why did you beat the pavement?" "My dear doctor, this is a time for observation, not for talk. We are spies in an enemy's country. We know something of know something of Saxe Coburg Square. Let Let us now explore explore the parts which lie behind behind it." The road in which we found ourselves as we turned round the corner from the retired Saxe Coburg Square presented as great a contrast contrast to it as the front of a picture does to the back. It was one of the main arteries which conveyed the traffic of the City to the north and west. The roadway was blocked with the immense immense stream of commerce flowing in a double tide in ward and outward, while the footpaths were black with the hurrying hurrying swarm of pedestrians. pedestrians. It was difficult to realise realise as we looked at the line of fine shops and stately business premises premises that they really abutted abutted on the other side upon the faded faded and stagnant stagnant square which we had just quitted.
"Let "Let me see," said Holmes, standing standing at the corner and glancing glancing along the line, "I should like just to remember the order of the houses here. It is a hobby of mine to have an exact exact know ledge of know ledge of London. There is Mortimer's, the tobacconist, the little newspaper shop, the Coburg branch of the City and Suburban Bank, the Vegetarian Restaurant, and McFarlane's carriage building depot. That carries us right on to the other block. And now, Doctor, we've done our work, so it's time we had some play. A sandwich and a cup of coffee, and then off to violin land, where all is sweetness and delicacy and harmony, harmony, and there are no red headed clients to vex vex us with their conundrums." conundrums."
My friend was an enthusiastic musician, being himself not only a very capable capable performer but a composer of no ordinary merit. All the afternoon he sat in the stalls stalls wrapped wrapped in the most perfect happiness, gently waving his long, thin fingers in time to the music, while his gently smiling face and his languid, languid, dreamy eyes were as unlike unlike those of Holmes the sleuth hound, Holmes the relentless, relentless, keen keen witted, ready handed criminal agent, as it was possible to conceive. conceive. In his singular singular character the dual nature alternately alternately asserted asserted itself, and his extreme extreme ex actness and astuteness astuteness represented, represented, as I have often often thought, the reaction against the poetic and contemplative mood which occasionally predominated predominated in him. The swing of his nature took him from extreme extreme languor languor to devouring devouring energy; and, as I knew well, he was never so truly formidable formidable as when, for days on end, he had been lounging in his armchair amid amid his improvisations improvisations and his black letter editions. Then it was that the lust of the chase chase would suddenly come upon him, and that his brilliant reasoning power would rise to the level of intuition, until those who were unacquainted with his methods would look askance askance at him as on a man whose knowledge was not that of other mortals. When I saw him that afternoon so enwrapped in the music at St. James's Hall I felt that an evil evil time might be com ing upon those whom he had set himself to hunt down hunt down
"You want to go home, no doubt, Doctor," he remarked as we emerged. emerged. "Yes, it would be as well." "And I have some business to do which will take some hours. This business at Coburg Square is serious."
"Why serious?" "A considerable crime is in contemplation. contemplation. I have every reason to believe that we shall be in time to stop it. But to day being Saturday rather rather complicates matters. I shall want your help to night." "At what time?"
"Ten will be early enough." "I shall be at Baker Street at ten." "Very well. And, I say, Doctor, there may be some little danger, so kindly put your army revolver in your pocket." He waved his hand turned on hand turned on his heel, and disappeared in an instant among the crowd.
I trust that I am not more dense dense than my neighbours, but I was always oppressed oppressed with a sense of my own stupidity in my dealings with Sherlock Holmes. Here I had heard what he had heard, I had seen what he had seen, and yet from his words it was evident evident that he saw clearly not only what had happened but what was about to happen while to happen while to me the whole whole business was still confused and grotesque. grotesque. As I drove home to my house in Kensington I thought over thought over it all, from the extraordinary story of the red headed copier of the "Encyclopaedia" down to the visit to Saxe Coburg Square, and the ominous ominous words with which he had parted from me. What was this nocturnal nocturnal expedi tion, and why should I go armed? Where were we going, and what were we to do? I had the hint from Holmes that this smooth faced pawnbroker's assistant was a formidable formidable man—a man who might play a deep game. I tried to puzzle it out, but gave it up in despair despair and set the matter aside aside until night should bring an explanation.
It was a quarter past nine when I started from home and made my way across the Park, and so through Oxford Street to Baker Street. Two hansoms were standing standing at the door, and as I entered the passage I heard the sound of voices from above. On entering his room I found Holmes in animated animated conversation with two men, one of whom I recognised as Peter Jones, the official police agent, while the other was a long, thin, sad faced man with faced man with a very shiny hat and oppressively respectable frock coat.
"Ha! Our party is complete," said Holmes, buttoning up his pea jacket and taking his heavy hunting crop from the rack. "Watson, I think you know Mr. Jones, of Scotland Yard? Let Let me introduce you to Mr. Merryweather, who is to be our companion companion in to night's adventure."
"We're hunting in couples couples again, Doctor, you see," said Jones in his consequential way. "Our friend here is a wonderful man for starting a chase. chase. All he wants is an old dog to help him to do the running down." "I hope a wild goose may not prove to be the end of our chase," chase," observed Mr. Merryweather gloomily. gloomily.
"You may place considerable confidence in Mr. Holmes, sir," said the police agent loftily. loftily. "He has his own little methods, which are, if he won't mind my saying so, just a little too theoretical and fantastic, fantastic, but he has the makings of a detective in him. It is not too much to say that once or twice, as in that business of the Sholto murder and the Agra treasure, he has been more nearly correct than the official force." "Oh, if you say so, Mr. Jones, it is all right," said the stranger stranger with deference. deference. "Still, I confess confess that I miss my rubber. It is the first Saturday night for seven and twenty years that I have not had my rubber."
"I think you will find," said Sherlock Holmes, "that you will play for a higher stake stake to night than you have ever done yet, and that the play will be more exciting. exciting. For you, Mr. Merry Merry weather, the stake stake will be some 30,000 pounds; pounds; and for you, Jones, it will be the man upon whom you wish to lay your hands."
"John Clay, the murderer, thief, smasher, smasher, and forger. forger. He's a young man, Mr. Merryweather, but he is at the head of his profession, and I would rather rather have my bracelets on him than on any criminal in London. He's a remarkable remarkable man, is young John Clay. His grandfather was a royal duke, and he himself has been to Eton and Oxford. His brain is as cunning as his fingers, and though we meet signs of him at every turn, we never know where to find the man himself. He'll crack a crib in Scotland one week, and be raising raising money to build an orphanage in Corn wall the next. I've been on his track for years and have never set eyes on him yet."
"I hope that I may have the pleasure pleasure of introducing you to night. I've had one or two little turns also with Mr. John Clay, and I agree with agree with you that he is at the head of his profession. It is past ten, however, and quite quite time that we started. If you two will take the first hansom, Watson and I will follow in the second."
Sherlock Holmes was not very communicative during the long drive and lay back in the cab humming the tunes which he had heard in the afternoon. We rattled through an endless labyrinth labyrinth of gas lit streets until we emerged emerged into Farrington Street.
"We are close there now," my friend remarked. "This fellow Merryweather is a bank director, and personally interested in interested in the matter. I thought it as well to have Jones with us also. He is not a bad fellow, though an absolute absolute imbecile imbecile in his profession. He has one positive virtue. virtue. He is as brave as a bulldog and as tenacious tenacious as a lobster if he gets his claws upon anyone. Here we are, and they are waiting for us."
We had reached the same crowded thoroughfare in which we had found ourselves in the morning. Our cabs were dismissed, and, following the guidance of Mr. Merryweather, we passed down a narrow passage and through a side door, which he opened for us. Within there was a small corridor, which ended in ended in a very massive massive iron gate. This also was opened, and led down a flight of winding stone steps, which terminated terminated at an other formidable formidable gate. Mr. Merryweather stopped to light a lantern, and then conducted conducted us down a dark, earth smelling passage, and so, after opening a third door, into a huge vault or cellar, which was piled all round with crates and massive massive boxes. "You are not very vulnerable vulnerable from above," Holmes remarked as he held up the lantern and gazed gazed about him. "Nor from below," said Mr. Merryweather, striking striking his stick upon the flags which lined the floor. "Why, dear me, it sounds quite quite hollow!" hollow!" he remarked, looking up in surprise.
"I must really ask you to be a little more quiet!" said Holmes severely. severely. "You have already imperilled imperilled the whole whole success of our expedition. Might I beg that you would have the goodness to sit down sit down upon one of those boxes, and not to interfere?" The solemn solemn Mr. Merryweather perched himself upon a crate, with a very injured expression upon his face, while Holmes fell upon his knees upon the floor and, with the lantern and a magnifying magnifying lens, began to examine minutely the cracks between the stones. A few seconds sufficed sufficed to satisfy him, for he sprang to his feet again and put his glass in his pocket.
"We have at least an hour before us," he remarked, "for they can hardly hardly take any steps until the good pawnbroker is safely in bed. Then they will not lose a minute, for the sooner they do their work the longer time they will have for their escape. We are at present, Doctor—as no doubt you have divined—in the cellar of the City branch of one of the principal London banks. Mr. Merryweather is the chairman of directors, and he will ex plain to you that there are reasons why the more daring criminals of London should take a considerable interest in interest in this cellar at present." "It is our French gold," whispered whispered the director. "We have had several several warnings that an attempt might be made upon it."
"Your French gold?" "Yes. We had occasion some months ago to strengthen our resources and borrowed for that purpose 30,000 napoleons from the Bank of France. It has become known that we have never had occasion to unpack the money, and that it is still lying in our cellar. The crate upon which I sit contains contains 2,000 napoleons packed between layers of lead foil. foil. Our reserve of bullion is much larger at present than is usually usually kept in kept in a single branch office, and the directors have had misgivings upon the subject." subject." "Which were very well very well justified," justified," observed Holmes. "And now it is time that we arranged arranged our little plans. I expect that within an hour matters will come to a head come to a head In the meantime Mr. Merryweather, we must put the screen over that dark lantern."
"And sit in the dark?" "I am afraid afraid so. I had brought a pack of cards in my pocket, and I thought that, as we were a partie carrée, you might have your rubber after all. But I see that the enemy's preparations have gone so far that we cannot risk the presence of a light. And, first of all, we must choose our positions. These are daring men, and though we shall take them at a disadvantage, they may do us some harm unless we are careful. I shall stand behind behind this crate, and do you conceal conceal yourselves behind behind those. Then, when I flash a light upon them, close in swiftly. swiftly. If they fire, Watson, have no compunction compunction about shooting them down."
I placed my revolver, cocked, upon the top of the wooden case behind behind which I crouched. crouched. Holmes shot the slide across the front of his lantern and left us in left us in pitch darkness—such an absolute absolute darkness as I have never before experienced. The smell of smell of hot metal remained remained to assure assure us that the light was still there, ready to flash out at a moment's notice. To me, with my nerves worked up to a pitch of expectancy, there was something de pressing and subduing subduing in the sudden gloom, gloom, and in the cold dank air of the vault.
"They have but one retreat," retreat," whispered whispered Holmes. "That is back through the house into Saxe Coburg Square. I hope that you have done what I asked you, Jones?" "I have an inspector and two officers waiting at the front door."
"Then we have stopped all the holes. And now we must be silent and wait."
What a time it seemed! seemed! From comparing notes afterwards it was but an hour and a quarter, yet it appeared appeared to me that the night must have almost gone and the dawn be breaking above us. My limbs were weary weary and stiff, stiff, for I feared to change my position; yet my nerves were worked up to the highest pitch of tension, and my hearing was so acute acute that I could not only hear the gentle breathing of my companions, companions, but I could distinguish distinguish the deeper, heavier in breath of the bulky bulky Jones from the thin, sighing note of the bank director. From my position I could look over the case in the direction of the floor. Suddenly my eyes caught the glint of a light.
At first it was but a lurid lurid spark spark upon the stone pavement. Then it lengthened out until it became a yellow line, and then, without any warning or sound, a gash seemed seemed to open and a hand appeared, appeared, a white, almost womanly hand, which felt about in the centre of the little area of light. For a minute or more the hand, with its writhing fingers, protruded out of the floor. Then it was withdrawn as suddenly as it appeared, appeared, and all was dark again save the single lurid lurid spark spark which marked a chink between the stones.
Its disappearance, however, was but momentary. momentary. With a rending, tearing sound, one of the broad, broad, white stones turned over turned over upon its side and left a square, gaping gaping hole, through which streamed the light of a lantern. Over the edge there peeped a clean cut, boyish face, which looked keenly keenly about it, and then, with a hand on hand on either side of the aperture, drew itself shoulder high and waist high, until one knee rested upon the edge. In another another instant he stood at the side of the hole and was hauling after him a companion, companion, lithe lithe and small like himself, with a pale pale face and a shock of very red hair. "It's all clear," he whispered. whispered. "Have you the chisel chisel and the bags? Great Scott! Jump, Archie, jump, and I'll swing for it!" Sherlock Holmes had sprung out had sprung out and seized seized the intruder by the collar. The other dived down the hole, and I heard the sound of rending cloth as Jones clutched clutched at his skirts. The light flashed upon the barrel of a revolver, but Holmes' hunting crop came down came down on the man's wrist, and the pistol clinked upon the stone floor.
"It's no use, John Clay," said Holmes blandly. blandly. "You have no chance at all." "So I see," the other answered with the utmost coolness. "I fancy fancy that my pal is all right, though I see you have got his coat tails." "There are three men waiting for him at the door," said Holmes. "Oh, indeed! indeed! You seem seem to have done the thing very completely. I must compliment compliment you." "And I you," Holmes answered. "Your red headed idea was very new and effective." effective." "You'll see your pal again presently," said Jones. "He's quick er at climbing down holes than I am. Just hold out while I fix the derbies."
"I beg that you will not touch me with your filthy hands," re marked our prisoner as the handcuffs clattered upon his wrists. "You may not be aware aware that I have royal blood in my veins. veins. Have the goodness, also, when you address address me always to say 'sir' and 'please.'"
"All right," said Jones with a stare stare and a snigger. "Well, would you please, please, sir, march upstairs, where we can get a cab to carry your Highness to the police station?" "That is better," said John Clay serenely. serenely. He made a sweeping bow bow to the three of us and walked quietly off in the custody of the detective.
"Really, Mr. Holmes," said Mr. Merryweather as we followed them from the cellar, "I do not know how the bank can thank you or repay you. There is no doubt that you have detected detected and defeated defeated in the most complete manner one of the most determined determined attempts at bank robbery that have ever come within my experience."
"I have had one or two little scores of my own to settle with Mr. John Clay," said Holmes. "I have been at some small expense over this matter, which I shall expect the bank to refund, but beyond beyond that I am amply amply repaid by having had an experience which is in many ways unique, unique, and by hearing the very remarkable remarkable narrative narrative of the Red headed League."
"You see, Watson," he explained in the early hours of the morning as we sat over a glass of whisky and soda in Baker Street, "it was perfectly obvious obvious from the first that the only possible object of this rather rather fantastic fantastic business of the advertisement of the League, and the copying of the 'Encyclopaedia,' must be to get this not over bright pawnbroker out of the way for a number of hours every day. It was a curious way of man aging it, but, really, it would be difficult to suggest a better. The method was no doubt suggested to Clay's ingenious ingenious mind by the colour of his accomplice's hair. The 4 pounds pounds a week was a lure lure which must draw him, and what was it to them, who were playing for thousands? They put in the advertisement, one rogue rogue has the temporary office, the other rogue rogue incites incites the man to apply for it, and together they manage to secure his absence every morning in the week. From the time that I heard of heard of the assistant having come for half wages, wages, it was obvious obvious to me that he had some strong motive for securing the situation."
"But how could you guess what the motive was?" "Had there been women in the house, I should have suspected suspected a mere mere vulgar vulgar intrigue. That, however, was out of the question out of the question The man's business was a small one, and there was noth ing in his house which could account for account for such elaborate elaborate preparations, and such an expenditure as they were at. It must, then, be something out of the house. What could it be? I thought of thought of the assistant's fondness fondness for photography, and his trick of vanishing vanishing into the cellar. The cellar! There was the end of this tangled clue. Then I made inquiries inquiries as to this mysterious mysterious assistant and found that I had to deal with deal with one of the coolest and most daring criminals in London. He was doing something in doing something in the cellar—something which took many hours a day for months on end. What could it be, once more? I could think of think of nothing save that he was running a tunnel to some other building.
"So far I had got when we went to visit the scene of action. I surprised you by beating upon the pavement with my stick. I was ascertaining ascertaining whether the cellar stretched stretched out in front or behind. behind. It was not in front. Then I rang the bell, and, as I hoped, the assistant answered it. We have had some skirmishes, skirmishes, but we had never set eyes upon each other before. I hardly hardly looked at his face. His knees were what I wished to see. You must yourself have remarked how worn, wrinkled, and stained stained they were. They spoke of those hours of burrowing. The only remaining remaining point was what they were burrowing for. I walked round the corner, saw the City and Suburban Bank abutted on Bank abutted on our friend's premises, premises, and felt that I had solved my problem. When you drove home after the concert I called upon Scotland Yard and upon the chairman of the bank directors, with the result that you have seen." "And how could you tell that they would make their attempt to night?" I asked.
"Well, when they closed their League offices that was a sign that they cared no longer about Mr. Jabez Wilson's presence—in other words, that they had completed their tunnel. But it was essential essential that they should use it soon, as it might be discovered, or the bullion might be removed. Saturday would suit them better than any other day, as it would give them two days for their escape. For all these reasons I expected them to come to night."
"You reasoned it out beautifully," I exclaimed exclaimed in unfeigned unfeigned admiration. admiration. "It is so long a chain, and yet every link rings true." "It saved me from ennui," ennui," he answered, yawning. "Alas! I already feel it closing in upon me. My life is spent in one long effort effort to escape from the commonplaces of existence. existence. These little problems help me to do so." "And you are a benefactor benefactor of the race," said I. He shrugged his shoulders. "Well, perhaps, perhaps, after all, it is of some little use," he remarked. "'L'homme c'est rien—l'oeuvre c'est tout,' as Gustave Flaubert wrote to George Sand."