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 Karl Marx Quotes 

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Total 330
Level0 202
Level1 77
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Level3 3
Phrasal Verbs 23
Idioms 0

The oppressed oppressed are allowed once every few years to decide which particular particular representatives representatives of the oppressing oppressing class are to represent represent and repress repress them.

The philosophers have only interpreted interpreted the world, in various various ways. The point, however, is to change it

The foundation of irreligious criticism is: Man makes religion, religion does not make man. Religion is, indeed, indeed, the self consciousness and self esteem esteem of man who has either not yet won through to himself, or has already lost himself again. But man is no abstract abstract being squatting squatting outside the world. Man is the world of man state, society. This state and this society produce religion, which is an inverted consciousness of the world, because they are an inverted world..

A specter is haunting haunting Europe the specter of Communism. All the powers of old Europe have entered into entered into a holy alliance to exorcise exorcise this specter; Pope and Czar, Metternich and Guizot, French radicals radicals and German police spies

Hegel remarks somewhere that all great, world historical historical facts and personages occur, occur, as it were, twice. He has forgotten to add: the first time as tragedy, tragedy, the second as farce. farce.

The history of all hitherto hitherto existing existing society is the history of class struggles

In a higher phase of communist society, after the enslaving subordination subordination of the individual to the division of labor, and therewith also the antithesis antithesis between mental and physical labor, has vanished; vanished; after labor has become not only a means means of life but life's prime want; after the productive forces have also increased with the all around development of the individual, and all the springs of co operative wealth flow more abundantly abundantly only then can the narrow horizon horizon of bourgeois bourgeois right be crossed in its entirety entirety and society inscribe inscribe on its banners: From each according according to his ability, ability, to each according according to his needs!

Reason has always existed, existed, but not always in a reasonable reasonable form.

...[G]reat progress was evident evident in the last Congress of the American 'Labour Union' in that among other things, it treated working women with complete equality. While in this respect the English, and still more the gallant gallant French, are burdened burdened with a spirit of narrow mindedness. Anybody who knows anything of knows anything of history knows that great social changes are impossible without the feminine feminine ferment. ferment. Social progress can be measured exactly by the social position of the fair sex (the ugly ones included). included).

Men make their own history, but they do not make it as they please; please; they do not make it under self selected circumstances, circumstances, but under circumstances circumstances existing existing already, given and transmitted transmitted from the past. The tradition tradition of all dead generations weighs like a nightmare nightmare on the brains of the living. And just as they seem seem to be occupied occupied with revolutionizing themselves and things, creating something that did not exist exist before, precisely precisely in such epochs of revolutionary revolutionary crisis they anxiously conjure conjure up the spirits of the past to their service, borrowing from them names, battle slogans, and costumes in order to present this new scene in world history in time honored disguise disguise and borrowed language.

Let Let the ruling classes tremble tremble at a Communistic revolution. revolution. The proletarians proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win

The bourgeoisie cannot exist exist without constantly revolutionizing the instruments of production, and thereby the relations of production, and with them the whole whole relations of society. Conservation Conservation of the old modes of production in unaltered unaltered forms, was, on the contrary, contrary, the first condition of existence existence for all earlier industrial classes. Constant revolutionizing of production, uninterrupted disturbance of all social conditions, everlasting uncertainty uncertainty and agitation, agitation, distinguish distinguish the bourgeois bourgeois epoch from all earlier ones. All fixed, fast frozen frozen relations, with their train of ancient ancient and venerable venerable prejudices prejudices and opinions, opinions, are swept away; all new formed ones become antiquated antiquated before they can ossify. ossify. All that is solid melts into air, all that is holy is profaned, profaned, and man is at last compelled compelled to face with face with sober sober senses his real conditions of life and his relations with his kind.

The less you eat, drink and read books; the less you go to the theatre, the dance hall, the public house; the less you think, love, theorize, sing, paint, fence, etc., the more you save the greater becomes your treasure which neither moths nor dust will devour devour your capital. The less you are, the more you have; the less you express your own life, the greater is your alienated alienated life the greater is the store of your estranged estranged being.

To be radical radical is to grasp grasp things by the root.

The bourgeoisie, by the rapid rapid improvement of all instruments of production, by the immensely immensely facilitated facilitated means means of communication, draws all, even the most barbarian, nations into civilization. The cheap prices of its commodities are the heavy artillery with which it batters batters down all Chinese walls, with which it forces the barbarians' intensely obstinate obstinate hatred of foreigners to capitulate. capitulate. It compels compels all nations, on pain of extinction, extinction, to adopt adopt the bourgeois bourgeois mode of production; it compels compels them to introduce what it calls civilization into their midst, midst, i.e., to become bourgeois bourgeois themselves. In one word, it creates a world after its own image.

In proportion therefore, as the repulsiveness repulsiveness of the work increases, the wage wage decreases.

Religion is the impotence impotence of the human mind to deal with deal with occurrences it cannot understand.

Communism is the riddle riddle of history solved, and it knows itself to be this solution.

The proletarians proletarians have nothing to loose loose but their chains. They have a world to win.

You are horrified horrified at our intending intending to do away with private property. But in your existing existing society private property is already done away with for nine tenths of the population; its existence existence for the few is solely due to its non existence existence in the hands of those nine tenths. You reproach reproach us, therefore, with intending intending to do away with a form of property, the necessary necessary condition for whose existence existence is the non existence existence of any property for the immense immense majority of society

Communism deprives deprives no man of the power to appropriate appropriate the products of society: all that it does is to deprive deprive him of the power to subjugate subjugate the labor of others by means means of such appropriation appropriation

There is no royal road to science, and only those who do not dread dread the fatiguing fatiguing climb of its steep paths have a chance of gaining its luminous luminous summits. summits.

Your favourite virtue virtue ... Simplicit

In the social production of their existence, existence, men inevitably inevitably enter into enter into definite relations, which are independent of their will, namely relations of production appropriate appropriate to a given stage in given stage in the development of their material forces of production. The totality of these relations of production constitutes constitutes the economic structure of society, the real foundation, on which arises a legal and political superstructure and to which correspond correspond definite forms of social consciousness. The mode of production of material life conditions the general process of social, political and intellectual life. It is not the consciousness of men that determines determines their existence, existence, but their social existence existence that determines determines their consciousness. At a certain certain stage of development, the material productive forces of society come into come into conflict conflict with the existing existing relations of production or this merely merely expresses the same thing in legal terms with the property relations within the framework of which they have operated hitherto. hitherto. From forms of development of the productive forces these relations turn into turn into their fetters. fetters. Then begins an era of social revolution. revolution. The changes in the economic foundation lead sooner or later later to the transformation transformation of the whole whole immense immense superstructure.

Thus the aristocracy aristocracy took their revenge revenge by singing lampoons lampoons on their new master, and whispering whispering in his ears sinister sinister prophecies of coming catastrophe catastrophe

Accumulate, Accumulate, accumulate! accumulate! This is Moses and the Prophets!

It has drowned the most heavenly ecstasies ecstasies of religious fervour, fervour, of chivalrous chivalrous enthusiasm, of Philistine Philistine sentimentalism, in the icy water of egotistical calculation. It has resolved resolved personal worth into exchange value, and in place of numberless indefeasible chartered freedoms, it has set up that single, unconscionable unconscionable freedom free trade. In one word, for exploitation, exploitation, veiled veiled by religious and political illusions, illusions, it has substituted naked, naked, shameless, direct, brutal brutal exploitation. exploitation.

If you love without evoking evoking love in return if through the vital vital expression of yourself as a loving person you fail to become a loved person, then your love is impotent, impotent, it is a misfortune. misfortune.

Such a crises occurs occurs only where the ever lengthening chain of payments

Once the inner connection is grasped, grasped, all theoretical belief in the permanent necessity necessity of existing existing conditions collapses before their collapse in practic

Both for the production on a mass scale of this communist consciousness, and for the success of the cause itself, the alteration alteration of men on a mass scale is necessary, necessary, an alteration alteration which can only take place in take place in a practical movement, a revolution; revolution; this revolution revolution is necessary, necessary, therefore, not only because the ruling class cannot be overthrown overthrown in any other way, but also because the class overthrowing overthrowing it can only in a revolution revolution succeed in ridding itself of all the muck of ages and become fitted to found society anew.

You must be aware aware that the reward for labour, and quantity of labour, are quite quite disparate disparate things.

Religion is the sigh of the oppressed oppressed creature, the heart of a heartless world and the soul of soulless conditions. It is the opium of the people.

The modern bourgeois bourgeois society that has sprouted from the ruins ruins of feudal society has not done away with class antagonisms. antagonisms. It has but established established new classes, new conditions of oppression, oppression, new forms of struggle in place of the old ones. is all the more clear what we have to accomplish accomplish at present: I am referring referring to ruthless ruthless criticism of all that exists, ruthless ruthless both in the sense of not being afraid afraid of the results it arrives at arrives at and in the sense of being just as little afraid afraid of conflict conflict with the powers that be.

the theory of Communists may be summed up summed up in the single sentence: sentence: Abolition of private property.

All science would be superfluous superfluous if the outward appearance appearance and the essence essence of things directly coincided. coincided.

All mysteries mysteries which lead theory to lead theory to mysticism find their rational rational solution in human practice and in the comprehension comprehension of this practice.

Criticism has plucked plucked the imaginary flowers on the chain not in order that man shall continue to bear bear that chain without fantasy or consolation, consolation, but so that he shall throw off throw off the chain and pluck pluck the living flower.

Just as man is governed, in religion, by the products of his own brain, so, in capitalist capitalist production, he is governed by the products of his own hand.

National differences and antagonisms antagonisms between peoples are daily more and more vanishing, vanishing, owing owing to the development of the bourgeoisie, to freedom of commerce, to the world market, to uniformity uniformity in the mode of production and in the conditions of life corresponding corresponding thereto

The very same bourgeois bourgeois mentality which extols extols the manufacturing division of labour, the life long annexation annexation of the worker to a partial partial operation, and the unconditional subordination subordination of the detail worker to capital, extols extols them as an organisation of labour which increases productivity denounces denounces just as loudly every kind of deliberate deliberate social control and regulation of the social process of production, denounces denounces it as an invasion invasion of the inviolable property rights, liberty liberty and self determining determining genius of the individual capitalist. capitalist. It is characteristic characteristic that the inspired apologists apologists of the factory system can find nothing worse to say of any proposal for the general organisation of social labour, than that it would transform transform the whole whole of society into a factory.

The first requisite requisite for the happiness of the people is the abolition of religion

Hitherto Hitherto philosophers have had the solution of all riddles riddles lying in their writing desks, and the stupid, exoteric world had only to open its mouth for the roast pigeons of absolute absolute knowledge to fly into it. Now philosophy has become mundane, mundane, and the most striking striking proof of this is that philosophical consciousness itself has been drawn into the torment torment of the struggle, not only externally but also internally. internally. But, if constructing the future and settling everything for settling everything for all times are not our affair, it is all the more clear what we have to accomplish accomplish at present: I am referring referring to ruthless ruthless criticism of all that exists, ruthless ruthless both in the sense of not being afraid afraid of the results it arrives at arrives at and in the sense of being just as little afraid afraid of conflict conflict with the powers that be.

These labourers, who must sell themselves piece meal, are a commodity, like every other article of commerce, and are consequently exposed exposed to all the vicissitudes vicissitudes of competition, to all the fluctuations of the market.

In a rational rational state it would be more appropriate appropriate to ensure ensure that a cobbler passed an examination than an executive civil civil servant; because shoe making is a craft craft in the absence of which it is still possible to be a good citizen and a man in society. But the necessary necessary 'knowledge of the state' is a precondition in the absence of which one lives outside the state, cut off from the air one breathes and from oneself. Thus the 'examination' is nothing but a Masonic initiation, the legal recognition recognition of the knowledge of citizenship, the acknowledgement acknowledgement of a privilege privilege

I am a machine condemned condemned to devour devour books.

One must force the frozen frozen circumstances circumstances to dance, by singing to them their own melody.

When the proletariat proletariat declares the dissolution of the hitherto hitherto existing existing world order, it merely merely declares the secret of its own existence, existence, since it is in fact the dissolution of this order. When it demands the negation of private property, it is only laying down laying down as a principle for society what society has laid down laid down as a principle for the proletariat, proletariat, what has already been incorporated incorporated in itself without its consent consent as the negative result of society.

What is crucial in the true state is not the fact that every citizen has the chance to devote himself to devote himself to the universal interest in interest in the shape of a particular particular class, but the capacity of the universal class to be really universal, i.e. to be the class of every citizen.

Self contempt is a serpent that ever gnaws gnaws at one's breath, sucking the life blood from one's own heart and mixing it with the poison of misanthropy misanthropy and despair. despair.

As a matter of fact, the methods of primitive primitive accumulation accumulation are anything but idyllic. idyllic.

The essential essential difference between the various various economic forms of society, between, for instance, instance, a society based on based on slave slave labour, and one based on based on wage wage labour, lies only in the mode in which this surplus surplus labour is in each case extracted extracted from the actual actual producer, the labourer. [6]

The history of all hitherto hitherto existing existing societies is the history of class struggles.

In general, the greater the productiveness of labour, the less is the labour time required for the production of an article, the less is the amount amount of labour crystallised in that article, and the less is its value;

History is thorough, thorough, and passes through many phases when it bears bears an old figure to the grave. grave. The last phase of a world historical historical figure is its comedy.

If the State is to have reality as the ethical, self conscious realization realization of spirit, it must be distinguished distinguished from the form of authority and faith. But this distinction distinction arises only in so far as the ecclesiastical ecclesiastical side is in itself divided into several several churches. Then only is the State seen to seen to be superior to them, and wins and brings into existence existence the universality of thought as the principle of its form.

Since the mass of the employed living labour is continually on the decline decline as compared to the mass of materialized labor set in motion by it, i.e., to the productively consumed consumed means means of production, it follows that the portion of living labour, unpaid and congealed congealed in surplus surplus value, must also be continually on the decrease compared to the amount amount of value represented represented by the invested total capital. Since the ratio of the mass of surplus surplus value to the value of the invested total capital forms the rate of profit, this rate must constantly fall.

The head of this emancipation emancipation is philosophy; its heart is the proletariat. proletariat. Philosophy cannot be realized realized without the abolition of the proletariat, proletariat, the proletariat proletariat cannot abolish abolish itself without realizing realizing philosophy.

Wages Wages are a direct consequence consequence of estranged estranged labor, and estranged estranged labor is the direct cause of private property.

To make the society" [which of course consists of non workers] "happy and people easier under the meanest circumstances, circumstances, it is requisite requisite that great numbers of them should be ignorant as well as poor; knowledge both enlarges and multiplies our desires, and the fewer things a man wishes for, the more easily his necessities necessities may be supplied." [3] What Mandeville,

For us the issue cannot be the alteration alteration of private property but only its annihilation, annihilation, not the smoothing over of class antagonisms antagonisms but the abolition of classes not the improvement of the existing existing society but the foundation of a new one.

Those professions which are not so much involved in involved in life itself as concerned concerned with abstract abstract truths are the most dangerous for the young man whose principles are not yet firm firm and whose convictions convictions are not yet strong and unshakeable.

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