So I think we have to embrace embrace a different metaphor. metaphor. We have to recognize that it's a human system, and there are conditions under which people thrive, thrive, and conditions under which they don't. We are after all organic creatures, and the culture of the school is absolutely absolutely essential. essential. Culture is an organic term, isn't it? Not far from where I live is a place called Death Valley. Death Valley is the hottest, driest place in America, and nothing grows there. Nothing grows there because it doesn't rain. Hence, Death Valley. In the winter of 2004, it rained in Death Valley. Seven inches of rain fell over fell over a very short period. And in the spring of 2005, there was a phenomenon. phenomenon. The whole whole floor of Death Valley was carpeted in flowers for a while. What it proved is this: that Death Valley isn't dead. It's dormant. dormant. Right beneath beneath the surface are these seeds of possibility waiting for the right conditions to come about come about and with organic systems, if the conditions are right, life is inevitable. inevitable. It happens all the time. You take an area, a school, a district, you change the conditions, give people a different sense of possibility, a different set of expectations, a broader broader range of opportunities, you cherish cherish and value the relationships between teachers and learners,you offer people the discretion discretion to be creative and to innovate in what they do, and schools that were once bereft bereft spring to life.